Thousands of studies have been published on telomeres and telomerase. They are known to maintain genomic stability, prevent the inappropriate activation of DNA damage pathways, and regulate cellular aging.
In humans, telomere length and integrity plays a role in diseases, disease susceptibility, and aging. Short telomeres are a risk factor for many diseases.
According to H+ Magazine:
“… [S]everal recent studies have indicated that telomerase expression might have significant anti-aging effects … [I]t appears that a few relatively small genetic alterations in the mammalian genome and protein expression patterns, including increased telomerase expression, can result in a significantly longer lifespan and a reduction in age-associated diseases.
Thus it’s very likely that telomerase will be a major target for genetic alterations designed to increase the human lifespan, remaining a very active area in anti-aging research.”